Tamil Language

Posted by on May 8, 2013 in Regional Languages | 0 comments

Tamil Language

Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken primarily by Tamil people of Southern India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official position in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also a national language of Sri Lanka and an official language of Singapore and Mauritius. It is also generally spoken in the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands as one of the additional ‘languages’. It is one of the 22 planned ‘languages’ of India and was announced a classical language by the government of India in 2004. Tamil is also spoken by significant unprivileged in Malaysia, Canada Southern Africa, and Fiji, Germany, United States, Netherlands, Mauritius and reunion as well as emigrant areas all over the globe. Tamil is one of the lengthiest enduring traditional ‘languages’ on the world. It has been described as “the only language of modern India which is recognizably ongoing with a traditional past|” and having “one of the wealthiest literatures in the world”.

Tamil Language

Tamil literature performs has persisted for over 2000 years. The first epigraphic information discovered on rock edicts and idol rocks date from around the 3rd century BCE. The first period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is old from 300 BCE – 300 CE. Tamil language identities released 1st century BCE and 2nd century CE have been discovered in the Egypt, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The two very first manuscripts from India, to be recognized and authorized by UNESCO Memory of the World sign-up in 1997 and 2005 were in Tamil. More than 55% of the epigraphically identities about 55,000 found by the archaeological Study of India are in the Tamil language. According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 magazines released in Tamil, of which 353 were dailies. It has the earliest extant fictional performs amongst other Dravidian ‘languages’. The variety and quality of traditional Tamil fictional performs has led to its being described as “one of the great traditional customs and literatures of the world”.

The first information in Old Tamil is short inscriptions from around the 2nd century BCE in cavern and on pottery. These inscriptions are released in a version of the Brahmi script called Tamil Brahmi. The first long text in Old Tamil is the Tolkappiyam, an early work on Tamil grammar and poetics, whose earliest levels could be as old as the 1st century BC. A huge variety of literary works in Old Tamil have also live through. These consist of a corpus of 2,381 poetry jointly is known as Sangam literature. This poetry is usually old to between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, which makes them the earliest extant body of luxurious literature in India. Other literary in Old Tamil consist of Thirukural, Silappatikaram and Manimekalai, and a variety of ethical and didactic texts, released between the 5th and 8th centuries. The Nannul continues to be the standard normative sentence structure for modern fictional Tamil, which therefore continues to be based on Middle Tamil of the Thirteenth century rather than on Modern Tamil.

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